Sustainable Agriculture

  • Sustainable Agriculture

Rainfed agro-ecosystem occupies 68 per cent of India’s cultivated area and supports 40% of the human beings and 65% of the livestock population. In the arid context of Barmer, where more than eighty per cent of farmers are small and marginal, focusing on improving conditions for agriculture while conserving fragile ecology of the region has been a priority area from the beginning. From 1992, SURE has been managing the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), an institution of the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), GoI.

  • Conducting “On Farm Testing” for identifying, refining, & documenting technologies for developing location specific sustainable land use systems.
  • Organize training to update extension personnel with emerging advances in agricultural research on regular basis.
  • Organize short & long term vocational training courses in agriculture and allied vocations for farmers, farm-women & rural youth with emphasis on “learning by doing” for generating self-employment.
  • Organize front-line demonstrations on various crops to generate production data and feed-back information.
  • As a Resource & Knowledge Centre of Agriculture Technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector for improving the agriculture economy of the district

The major focus in this district has been livelihood security related programmes for tribal, small and marginal farmers. The programme strategies have included increasing production, productivity and enhancing profitability from existing resources and introducing some economic activities based on local resources. Interventions cover improving production systems of crop, livestock, poultry, processing and value addition. The major clientele have been farmers, farm women and youth for skill development related to the enterprises practiced by them. During the last five years, KVK has conducted on farm trials on 40 technologies, organized 12959 demonstrations on farmers fields, trained 5430 farmers and 1121 extension officials, ensured participation of 1.13 lakh stakeholders in different activities for knowledge and information sharing, produced 1021 tonnes of quality seeds of crops and 7000 number of planting materials.

KVK has changed the scenario of arid horticulture by producing and disseminating seb and gola varieties of ber, in whole district. It has introduced Aonla, Datepalm and Gonda in arid environment with limited irrigation. Gradually aonla and datepalm are becoming popular on desert margins.

More than 649 villages in Barmer district have been reached by KVK for on farm demonstration of technologies and through various programmes. In the last five years supply of 50.35 tonnes seed of Moth, 30.18 Moong, 28.35 Cumin and 25.45 Isabgol demonstrate the demand for the improved germ plasm of field crops developed by the KVK, 12959 farm families adopted sustainable crop production in district through KVK technology. Milk production increased from 15-25% and reproductive problems due to mineral deficiency have been rectified. KVK has organized 300 camps, 25000 ha area has been demonstrated under drip irrigation and 10 pasture development farms have been established in district.

The above table presents findings about the adoption rates of technologies disseminated by KVK. The good rates tell us about the enthusiasm of farmers who participate in these trainings. Such trainings have benefitted over a lakh farmers since 1992. The training programs on value addition to indigenous plants and livestock products are very popular among rural women.